Coalition Agreement 2010
One of the main themes that the Liberal Democrats wanted to address in each coalition agreement was electoral reform, and when party members debated the negotiations, a crowd of 38-degree protesters gathered outside. Amid the chants of Fair Votes and “We want to speak to Nick”, Clegg briefly left the meeting to accept a petition and told the protesters, “Reforming politics is one of the reasons I entered politics.” After the meeting, Liberal Democrat negotiator David Laws told the strategy outlined by Clegg that the Conservatives should have the first choice in negotiations on forming a government. Clegg also met with the party`s federal steering committee, which also supported Clegg`s decision.   As no party had won an overall majority, the 2010 parliamentary elections resulted in the first slope of Parliament since 1974.  When it became clear that no party would obtain the absolute majority needed to form the next government, the three main party leaders made public statements in which they discussed options for forming a government with the other parties. Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg urged Prime Minister Gordon Brown and Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron to act “in the national interest and not for a narrow partisan advantage.” However, after declaring before the election that the party with the most seats should have the first word in the formation of the government, Clegg announced his intention to start talks with the Conservative Party. In front of the Liberal Democrats` headquarters, he said, “It is now up to the Conservative Party to prove that it is capable of governing in the national interest.”  Brown said he wanted to play his part in ensuring “a stable, strong and principled government,” and said he was willing to discuss with Clegg and Cameron how to achieve this, and said, “What we have seen is not an ordinary election result.”  But shortly thereafter, Cameron held a press conference in which he invited the Liberal Democrats to discuss: “I want to make a broad, open and comprehensive offer to the Liberal Democrats. I want us to work together to deal with the major and urgent problems of our country: the debt crisis, our deep social problems and our broken political system.  The case may be another source of tension. The coalition`s decision to abolish regional home-building targets was welcomed by the South East of England councils, which had strongly opposed them. But there will be concerns that this, as well as the promise of greater local control over planning decisions, will fuel nimbytism, making it more difficult to revive the domestic construction industry and worsen the housing shortage.
On Monday 10 May, a new day of negotiations took place between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats, but in a meeting with his MPs, Nick Clegg was asked to give assurances about offers made by David Cameron`s team. They also wanted him to continue negotiations with the Labour Party. During the day, it turned out that senior Labour and Liberal Democrat officials had held discussions about forming a coalition, but that one of the obstacles was Gordon Brown`s continued presence as Prime Minister.    At 5:00 p.m. in the afternoon, Brown announced that he would resign as Labour leader in September. In a statement, he said he wanted to “deny the Labour Party`s decision to launch the necessary processes for its own leadership election.” The statement added: “I hope it will be completed in time so that the new leader can be in office until the Labour Party convention.