What Formal Agreement Officially Established
Luxembourg Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn, however, questioned the fact that the agreement would bring stability to the region, said that without a two-state solution, there would be no stability, and said that the United Arab Emirates had abandoned the Palestinians with the agreement.  The State Department then issued a statement on its part in which it stated that it was not critical of the peace agreement, but stressed that it was important for Arab states, especially the Gulf States, to support a Palestinian state in accordance with the two-state solution.  In a joint statement by Trump, Netanyahu and Zayed, it was said: “This historic diplomatic breakthrough will advance peace in the Middle East region and is proof of the courageous diplomacy and vision of the three leaders and the courage of the United Arab Emirates and Israel to find a new path that will unlock the great potential of the region.”  The United Arab Emirates stated that it would continue to support the Palestinian people and that the agreement would maintain the prospect of a two-state solution between Israel and Palestine. Despite the agreement, Mr. Netanyahu said that Israel`s sovereignty over the Jordan Valley was still on the agenda and was only frozen for now.  Amira Hass wrote that the agreement was the result of the Palestinian Authority`s continued neglect of relations with the United Arab Emirates. According to hate, diplomatic relations were severed in 2012 by the PLO to deny the UAE`s good relations with Mohammed Dahlan, the political enemy of PLO President Mahmoud Abbas. The PNA`s animosity towards the UAE continued to June 2020, when the PLO rejected aid sent by the UAE during the COVID-19 pandemic, by the grounds that it was it was felt without prior agreement and through an Israeli airport. Hatred is a PLO more concerned with domestic politics than with governance, which contributes to economic decline and strained external relations.  Longtime New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman, who has written for decades on international geopolitics and has been a regular critic of Trump`s policies, hailed the deal as “exactly what Trump said in his tweet: a “huge breakthrough.””  The Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement stressing that as a member of the UN Security Council and the Quartet, it supported the two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He noted that the agreement suspended the annexation of parts of the West Bank, which he described as an important element of the agreement, and said that the annexation plans were a major obstacle to the resumption of the Israeli-Palestinian dialogue.  Russian President Vladimir Putin said on August 24 in a telephone conversation with Netanyahu that he hoped the agreement would strengthen the stability and security of the Middle East.
 The leader of the Israeli settler group Yesha Council, David Elhayani, accused Netanyahu of “betraying” some of his loyal supporters and of “deceiving half a million people in the region and hundreds of thousands of hard-working people.” Oded Revivi [he], the mayor of Efrat, a settlement of more than 9,000 people south of Jerusalem, supported Netanyahu, arguing that “the Israeli agreement to defer the application of Israeli law in the Jewish settlements of Judea and Samaria was a fair price to pay,” adding that it could change the way settlements are viewed.  Beit El Settlement Mayor Shai Alon and Shomron Regional Council President Yossi Dagan also criticized the agreement.  Joe Biden, Trump`s opponent in the 2020 U.S. presidential election, praised the agreement, building on “the efforts of several governments to promote greater Arab-Israeli openness, including the Obama-Biden administration`s efforts to build on the Arab peace initiative.”  Yousef Al Otaiba, the UAE`s ambassador to the United States, issued a statement on 13 August in which he hailed the agreement as a “victory for diplomacy and for the region,” adding how it “reduces tensions and creates new energy for positive change.”   Protests and demonstrations have taken place in many